Xinhua news agency in Beijing on 16 January, after Premier Li Keqiang signed and issued "guidance on the reform of the system of paid use of natural resources of the State Council on all national assets" (hereinafter referred to as the "opinions").
opinion pointed out that the use of all natural resources assets paid system is a core system of ecological civilization system. To promote the reform of the system of protection and rational utilization of natural resources, to safeguard national interests of owners and users, to perfect the property right system of natural resources and ecological civilization system, accelerate the construction of the beautiful Chinese significance.
the "opinions" stressed the decisive role in the market allocation of resources to play is not sufficient, the owner is not in place, the ownership of human rights is not implemented and other outstanding issues, reform should give priority to protection, rational use, separation of two rights and expanding the right empowerment, market allocation, perfecting regulations, clear responsibilities, graded exercise, basic principles to strengthen the supervision of innovation, and strive to 2020, the basic establishment of property rights and the power of rich, improving rules and effective supervision, the implementation of the national interests of all natural resources assets paid use system.
"opinions" for the land, water, minerals, forests, grasslands, sea islands and other 6 types of state-owned natural resources of different characteristics and conditions, respectively, to establish and improve the system of paid use of the key tasks. First, to improve the system of paid use of state-owned land resources to expand the scope of the expansion of the right to the main line, the use of compensation will be extended to the field of public services and state-owned agricultural land. The two is to improve the system of paid use of water resources, improve water resources fee levied differentiated standards and management system, strict management of water resources fee, to ensure receivables are collected. Three is to improve the system of paid use of mineral resources, improve the transfer of mining rights paid, mining rights and mineral resources possession of the tax system, improve the classification of mining rights transfer system. Four is the establishment of the system of paid use of state-owned forest resources, strict implementation of the forest resource protection policy, regulation and compensation for the use of state-owned forest resources circulation, and determine the scope of compensation for the use of the terms, conditions, procedures and methods, through the development of forest tourism leasing, franchising and other ways. The five is to establish the system of paid use of state-owned grassland resources, the state-owned grasslands have been restructured state-owned units and the transfer to the rural collective economic organizations outside the state-owned grasslands, to explore the implementation of paid use. The six is to improve the system of compensation for the use of the waters of the island, rich sea use rights, the establishment of the right to use uninhabited islands and improve the system of rights, and gradually expand the scope of transferring market.
the "opinions" requirements, to increase the overall coordination and organization reform efforts to strengthen coordination with the property right system of natural resources, the spatial planning system, ecological compensation system reform, and steadily push forward the mining rights transfer system reform, promote the overall development of the construction of the rule of law, to carry out collaborative asset inventory accounting, strengthen the organization and implementation. Ensure that the specific areas of reform tasks.